This feature article is about the personal life, educational and scientific work of V.M. Severgin, a Russian mineralogist and chemist, academician of the Russian Imperial academy of science (from 1793). His scientific treatises are dedicated to mineralogy, metallurgy and chemical technology of the time. He developed the chemical area of mineralogy, considering the investigation of chemical composition and structure of minerals the main task of mineralogy. Severgin was among the firsts in Russia who advocated de Lavoisierʼs theory of oxygen combustion. The books written by V. M. Severgin in the field of chemical technology and metallurgy, in particular, the comprehensive work of the scientist «A tracing of technology of the mineral kingdom» have been reviewed in the paper.