The role of St. Petersburg scientists of the XVIII–XIX century in the development of electromachinery

Chronicle of events

Major scientists and engineers who had made significant contributions to the development of electrical
engineering worked in St. Petersburg in the XVIII and XIX centuries. This article discusses the contribution
of scientists of St. Petersburg to the development of electrical engineering during the period when the city
was the capital. In the XVIII century it was professor Richman and adjunct professor Lomonosov, who
studied atmospheric electricity. At the end of the 18th century and the beginning of the XIX century it was
V.V. Petrov, who worked at the Medical and Surgical Academy, created his own school and also built a galvanic battery that was the largest of its time. Petrov with his research began work on the practical use of
electricity. Great contributions to the development of electrical engineering were made by Russian scientists
E.H. Lentz and B.S. Jacobi in the 1830s–1840s. Lentz and Jacobi played a major role in creating the
electrotechnical school in St. Petersburg. In the second half of the 19th century, their students and followers
developed their works of practical and scientific electrical engineering.