The interesting facts from the biography of the outstanding German scientific Nobel Prize laureate Wilhelm Conrad Rôntgen (1845–1923) and history of discovering of the beams called by his name are given. The history of his childhood, unusual data on his education are described. Work stages, interest in creativity, science are consistently shown. It is told about Wilhelm Konrad Rôntgen’s colleagues who considerably influenced his professional career. Scientific achievements and discovering of the scientist are considered, and also the assessment is shown by the scientific world community of these achievements. Interesting examples from Rôntgen’s life which brightly characterize him as the balanced, keen and uncommon person are given.