Non-carbon energy as a possible direction of developing the energy sector of ST. Petersburg and the Leningrad region

Energetics. Electrical engineering
Authors:
Abstract:

Fulfilling the obligations of the countries participating in the UN Climate Change Conference is expected to be achieved through developing energy sources that do not use hydrocarbons resulting in the accumulation of greenhouse gases. The article considers the possibility of minimizing the emission of greenhouse gases in St. Petersburg and the Leningrad region by the second half of the 21st century, while maintaining the production of electricity and heat at a level sufficient to sustain the region. The article uses the results of assessments of the region's need for electrical and thermal energy for the future and considers hypothetical scenarios for the development of the region's energy sector, taking into account the need to cover annual and daily loads. It is shown that with the expansion of the currently modernized LNPP to 6-7 units, using its energy for electricity and heat, as well as the potential of renewable energy sources in the region and local hydrocarbons, it is possible to reduce hydrocarbon consumption by 4-5 times and, accordingly, reduce greenhouse gas emissions. We have identified the tasks that should be solved in order to implement the proposed concept.